state structure of Kyrgyzstan
The Kyrgyz Republic (Kyrgyzstan) is a sovereign, unitarian, democratic
republic, built on the principles of a legal and secular state.
The following officials represent the Supreme State power in the Kyrgyz
The Parliament, which is a representational body, executing the legislative
The government and local state administrations;
The Constitutional Court, the Supreme Arbitrary Court, courts and judges
of the justice system.
The President of the Kyrgyz Republic is the head of the state and the
top official and has the supreme executive and managing power. He is elected
through nation-wide elections.
The supreme executive body is the government, headed by prime minister.
Administrative division: seven regions, divided into districts. National
currency Ц som. State language Ц Kyrgyz, official language Ц Russian.
Religions Ц Islam, Orthodox Christianity.
The population of the country on 1 April 2005 was 5.134m people, including
64% of ethnic Kyrgyz people, 13.7% - Uzbeks, 12.5% - Russians. The current
Kyrgyzstan is a tolerant countries. Over 80 ethnic groups live in the
country, creating a variety of cultures and traditions.
The capital of the country Ц Bishkek Ц is the major economic, political,
scientific, industrial, cultural and transport centre of the country.
It was founded in 1878. The territory is 127.3 sq.km. The population of
Bishkek is about 1m people.
The entire newest
history of Kyrgyzstan goes under the sign of reforms. New approaches and
methods in solving political, economic and social tasks are reflected
in the УComplex development bases of the Kyrgyz Republic till 2010Ф pilot
program, adopted at the National Forum in 2001.
Attracting direct foreign investments was announced one of the major priorities
of the countryТs economic policy. The following governmental measures
are aimed at removing obstacles for investors and business people:
Improving the corporate management in the banking sector
Developing the non-banking financial sector
Reforming the fiscal policy
Improving the customs legislation
Removing administrative obstacles and barriers for investments through
limiting the state intervention in the investment and other business activities
(decreasing the number of licenses, permissions, inspections)
Reforming the technical control, basing on international standards, norms,
rules and recommendations
Introducing the principles of free trade
Other activities, promoting the growth of the countryТs investment attractiveness.
The new policy of attracting private investments to the countryТs economy
has started giving some results, creating a belief that Kyrgyz Republic
will develop an environment, which gives all necessary and sufficient
conditions for a foreign investor to invest private capital and receive
The tourism industry
is rapidly growing and is considered one of the priority spheres of the
countryТs economy. Kyrgyzstan has a large tourism potential and has great
opportunities for developing both internal and international tourism.
The territory of Kyrgyzstan covers the major part of EurasiaТs largest
mountain systems Ц Tien Shan (Tenir-Too) and Alay. About 90% of the countryТs
territory lays higher than 3000 meters above the sea level. A total of
14 mountains higher than 6,000 m. and about 26 mountains higher than the
highest point of Europe Ц the Mont Blanc Ц are situated in the country.
The nature in Kyrgyzstan is rich and diverse. There are 14 recreation
zones, 10 tourism and alpinism zones in the territory of the country.
There are over two thousand lakes in the country. Lake Issyk-Kul is called
the pearl of Tien Shan. It never gets frozen and swimming season mostly
lasts till November.